Energy supply is facing major challenges due to international climate policy targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In order to be able to plan the future energy system in a cost-effective manner, taking into account permissible greenhouse gas emissions, an integrated approach is required that combines plant and infrastructure expansion across sectors. Therefore, the goal of the H2020 research project PlaMES is to develop methods for the integrated planning of multimodal sustainable energy systems. The overall planning tool is intended to facilitate the planning of the future energy system for stakeholders by means of a suitable graphical interface within the framework of a decision support system.
The procedure developed in PlaMES offers planning solutions for various stakeholders of the energy system, such as policy makers, regulators and grid operators. The core of the procedure is the investigation of future scenarios up to the year 2050. Taking into account different parameters, the effects of certain future technologies and different regulatory approaches on the future energy system can be investigated. The focus can be set on the centralized or decentralized level. Stakeholders can visualize the results directly in the Decision Support System and thus obtain even more detailed results.
The result of PlaMES are different models that can act together to plan the future energy system. The electricity, heat, mobility and gas sectors can be considered in the integrated view of plant and infrastructure expansion. The developed method thus allows a holistic view of the future energy system and offers valuable information for different stakeholders in the energy system.
The project was funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No. 863922.