Cyber security in energy information systems
The field of cybersecurity encompasses a diverse range of topics that require different approaches and methods to establish an adequate basis for investigation. Particularly, the lack of data regarding IT security incidents presents a challenge for conducting thorough investigations, hindering the development, testing, and validation of new innovative cybersecurity solutions. Common approaches to address the lack of data involve synthetic or simulated reproductions of IT security incidents in energy information systems. While these approaches offer flexibility and scalability, they may have reduced informational value due to assumptions and simplifications, potentially leading to biased data. Consequently, validation of these approaches through fully physically modeled environments in secure, isolated, and controlled laboratory settings become necessary, not only to demonstrate applicability but also to generate supplementary data for long-term investigations.
Cyber-physical laboratory environments are suitable for generating benchmark datasets, enabling standardized analysis and comparison of cybersecurity solutions. Benchmark analyses can be employed in such environments to certify the cyber resilience of components, as well as systems and processes for the energy industry. A human-centered application of these environments also allows for training settings to train personnel involved in critical operations, by simulating IT security incidents. Additionally, the effectiveness of specific response measures and strategies corresponding to incident response or business continuity plans can be tested. Overall, investigation environments based on cyber-physical laboratory settings provide a valuable foundation for the sustainable establishment of new cyber-secure processes, components, and systems in a digitized energy industry.